Drover's News

Resistance Grows Among Zoonotic Pathogens

The following commentary does not necessarily reflect the views of AgWeb or Farm Journal. The opinions expressed below are the author's own.

Zoonotic diseases, such as campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, continue to build resistance against common antimicrobial drugs, according to a new report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

The report, titled “The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2017,” is available online. While several recent reports indicate reductions in antimicrobial use in food animals in the United States and internationally, the veterinary and human-health communities still have work to do in slowing the emergence of resistance in pathogen populations, particularly those that can spread between animals and people.

The joint report presents data collected from 28 EU Member States from humans, pigs and calves under one year of age. Noting a need for adopting a One Health approach, the authors say the report confirms the rise in antibiotic resistance already identified in previous years.

Member countries collected and reported data regarding Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates from humans and fattening pigs, and also on indicator Escherichia coli isolates from fattening pigs and calves under one year of age and meat derived from those animals. Some countries also reported data on the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in animals and food, and in some cases, the antimicrobial susceptibility of MRSA isolates.

According to the report, which refers to 2017 data, resistance to fluoroquinolones (such as ciprofloxacin) is so high in Campylobacter bacteria in some countries that these antimicrobials no longer work for the treatment of severe campylobacteriosis cases.

Most countries reported that Salmonella in humans is increasingly resistant to fluoroquinolones. Multidrug resistance (resistance to three or more antimicrobials) is high in Salmonella found in humans (28.3%) and animals, particularly in S. Typhimurium.

For Campylobacter, the report documents high to extremely high proportions of bacteria found to be resistant to ciprofloxacin and tetracyclines. However, combined resistance to critically important antimicrobials was very low to low in Salmonella and Campylobacter from humans and animals and in indicator E. coli from animals.

Vytenis Andriukaitis, EU Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, says the report “should ring, again, alarm bells.” However, he adds that ambitious national policies in some countries limiting antimicrobial use have led to a decrease of antimicrobial resistance. “So before the alarm bells become a deafening siren, let’s make sure that we increasingly act all together, in every country and across the public health, animal health and environment sectors under the One Health approach umbrella.”

See the full report from the ECDC.

For more on resistance and antimicrobial sales trends, see these articles from BovineVetOnline.com:

Antibiotic Stewardship: FDA Cites Progress

OIE Report Shows Global Progress on Use of Antibiotics in Animals

Tetracycline Pilot Project Finds Six Positives in 2018 Fiscal Year

 

By: Amy Timmerman – Extension Educator and Jim Jansen – Extension EducatorThere are many things on our checklist as we recover from these historic floods and blizzards from the past several day. 

The following commentary does not necessarily reflect the views of AgWeb or Farm Journal. The opinions expressed below are the author's own. Once more, an extensive life cycle analysis (LCA) of the U

A fuller picture is emerging of the environmental footprint of beef in the United States. An Agricultural Research Service (ARS)-led team has completed a comprehensive life-cycle analysis quantifying

 More than 20 years ago, a company called AquaBounty Technologies developed the AquAdvantage salmon, a genetically modified variety of Atlantic salmon with a single gene from a Chinook salmon splic

Several livestock-industry groups encourage stakeholders to join in a petition and submit comments to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) for

The following commentary does not necessarily reflect the views of AgWeb or Farm Journal. The opinions expressed below are the author's own.Zoonotic diseases, such as campylobacteriosis and salmonello

U.S. Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO), John Barrasso (R-WY), and Doug Jones (D-AL) today reintroduced bipartisan legislation to increase wildlife managers’ ability to keep wildlife healthy.“Transmis

Cows and bulls searching for “moo love” now have a mobile app to help their breeders.A U.K. farming startup introduced a Tinder-style app, called Tudder, that lets farmers find breeding matches by

A proposed set of legislative goals released by a pair of Democratic freshmen members of Congress mentions getting fewer emissions from “farting cows,” but they want to work with farmers, too. The

A petition has been submitted by a group of organizations representing livestock haulers and producers who would be impacted by ongoing hours of service rules.The joint petition was filed on Feb. 6 by

Zinpro Corporation is proud to announce that Chris Reinhardt, PhD, – among the world’s most prominent authorities on nutrition, management and heat stress in feedlot cattle – has joined the comp

Gene editing technology offers potential for dramatically accelerating genetic improvement in livestock. While more research is needed, these technologies eventually could allow introduction of novel

The longest federal government shutdown in U.S. history affected an investigation into a strain of bovine tuberculosis in a North Dakota beef cattle herd, say state officials who have so far have shou

For years we’ve all seen the figure from the 2006 report from the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization, “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” saying livestock production accounts for 18% of global g

As 2018 draws to a close, the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has released a report of accomplishments, including progress in animal disease traceability, biotechnology, in

The owners of Allflex ear tags and SCR dairy monitoring technology is being acquired by Merck. The acquisition of the Antelliq Group, formerly known as the Allflex Group, was made public on Dec. 14 in

USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is publishing a record of decision for the final environmental impact statement (EIS) on cattle fever tick fencing in South Texas.On May 31,

Statement from USDA Secretary Perdue and FDA Commissioner Gottlieb on the regulation of cell-cultured food products from cell lines of livestock and poultryLast month, the U.S. Department of Agricultu

The greatest potential for improving sustainability of livestock production depends on scientific innovation to boost productivity while reducing environmental impacts. These advancements include gene

When the Global Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (GRSB) formed in 2012, participants quickly realized sustainability goals, practices and measurements would need to reflect regional differences in beef